Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times.
We saw that risk and tail risk are mathematically separate objects, conflated by the IYI intellectual yet idiot crowd. Two people can be using the same word, meaning different things, yet continue the conversation, which is fine for coffee, but not when making decisions, particularly policy decisions affecting others.
But we also have had many pronouncements by idiots using labels. People rarely mean the same thing when they say "religion", nor do they realize that they don't mean the same thing.
For early Jews and Muslims, religion was law. Din means law in Hebrew and religion in Arabic. For early Jews, religion was also tribal; for early Muslims, it was universal. For the Romans, religion was social events, rituals, and festivals —the word religio was opposition to superstitio, and while present in the Roman zeitgeist had no equivalent concept in the Greek-Byzantine East.
The difference is marked in that Christian Aramaic uses a different word: Neither Islam nor Judaism have a marked separation between holy and profane. And of course Christianity moved away from the solely-spiritual domain to embrace the ceremonial and ritualistic, integrating much of the pagan rites of the Levant and Asia Minor.
For Jews today, religion became ethnocultural, without the law --and for many, a nation. For Orthodox and Catholic Christians religion is aesthetics, pomp and rituals. For Protestants, religion is belief with no aesthetics, pomp or law. So when Hindu talk about the Hindu "religion" they don't mean the same thing to a Pakistani as it would to a Hindu, and certainly something different for a Persian.
When the nation-state idea came about, things got more, much more complicated. When an Arab now says "Jew" he largely means something about a creed; to Arabs, a converted Jew is no longer a Jew.
But for a Jew, a Jew is someone whose mother is a Jew. But it somewhat merged into nation-state and now means a nation. In Serbia-Croatia and Lebanon, religion means something at times of peace, and something quite different at times of war. Same for the gnostics Druids, Druze, Mandeans, Alawis.
As we saw with the minority rule, the intolerant will run over the tolerant; cancer requires being stopped before it becomes metastatic.
Some beliefs are largely decorativesome are functional they help in survival ; others are literal. And to revert to our metastatic Salafi problem: You may be able to get all of it from solar panels the cost of which is getting cheaper and cheapterbut would get most of it during a 5h window.
Say you need to store for hours and the cost of storage is prohibitive: But the way to calculate the effectiveness in cost savings is in taking the difference from the upper bound, not raw costs.Soil health, along with water supply, is the most valuable resource for humans, as human life depends on the soil’s generosity.
Soil degradation, therefore, poses a threat to food security, as it reduces yield, forces farmers to use more inputs, and may eventually lead to soil abandonment.
Unfortunately, the importance of preserving soil health appears to be overlooked by policy makers.
Introduction ^. The Introduction deserves close reading. Here, many of the essential concepts and the orientation of the The Story of Stuff is explained. Some key points: Page ix: Annie starts with forests, then shifts quickly to waste paper at the Fresh Kills land fill in Staten island.
Abstract. Cost-efficient monitoring of food contamination and surveillance of food-borne diseases requires a coordinated multidisciplinary approach with the participation of stakeholders from all sectors of the "farm-to-fork" continuum including the .
International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research. James Howard Kunstler is the author of many books including (non-fiction) The Geography of Nowhere, The City in Mind: Notes on the Urban Condition, Home from Nowhere, The Long Emergency, and Too Much Magic: Wishful Thinking, Technology and the Fate of the Nation.
An analysis of families on the fault line a book by lilian rubin Fatigued and an analysis of bruce chatwins life as a rare mix of tragedy happiness and irony deafened, Jeremy clouds his urban landscape and dazzles him with frustration.