Shop What is Water Pollution? Water they say is life, and indeed they were right. As young students, we learned about the various ways to conserve water ; coming to think of it, water is used in almost every important human chores and processes. It is an important element in both domestic as well as industrial purposes.
Water pollution affects marine ecosystems, wildlife health, and human well-being. The answer to solving pollution is to make changes in our daily habits and pay more attention to the types of products we consume.
The following lists display causes of water pollution and the effects it has on human health and the environment. Dumping solid wastes and littering by humans in rivers, lakes and oceans.
Littering items include cardboard, Styrofoam, aluminum, plastic and glass. Oil Pollution caused by oil spills from tankers and oil from ship travel.
Burning fossil fuels into the air causes the formation of acidic particles in the atmosphere. When these particles mix with water vapor, the result is acid rain. Effects of Water Pollution Groundwater contamination from pesticides causes reproductive damage within wildlife in ecosystems. Sewage, fertilizer, and agricultural run-off contain organic materials that when discharged into waters, increase the growth of algae, which causes the depletion of oxygen.
The low oxygen levels are not able to support most indigenous organisms in the area and therefore upset the natural ecological balance in rivers and lakes.
Swimming in and drinking contaminated water causes skin rashes and health problems like cancer, reproductive problems, typhoid fever and stomach sickness in humans.
Industrial chemicals and agricultural pesticides that end up in aquatic environments can accumulate in fish that are later eaten by humans. Fish are easily poisoned with metals that are also later consumed by humans.
Mercury is particularly poisonous to small children and women. Mercury has been found to interfere with the development of the nervous system in fetuses and young children.
Ecosystems are destroyed by the rising temperature in the water, as coral reefs are affected by the bleaching effect due to warmer temperatures. Additionally, the warm water forces indigenous water species to seek cooler water in other areas, causing an ecological damaging shift of the affected area.
Human-produced litter of items such as plastic bags and 6-pack rings can get aquatic animals caught and killed from suffocation. Water pollution causes flooding due to the accumulation of solid waste and soil erosion in streams and rivers. Oil spills in the water causes animal to die when they ingest it or encounter it.
Oil does not dissolve in water so it causes suffocation in fish and birds. Water Pollution Facts Following are some facts on water pollution: The Ganges River in India is one the most polluted rivers in the world with sewage, trash, food, and animal remains.
About million people globally drink contaminated water. Aquatic animals face an extinction rate of five times more than that of terrestrial animals. Over 30 billion tons of urban sewage is discharged into lakes, rivers and oceans every year.
Many of them were on the endangered species list. Pollution is one of the biggest killers in the world, affecting over million people. Lack of proper sanitation in water leads to diseases like cholera, malaria and diarrhea.
At least million people in China do not have access to clean drinking water Water pollution has been extensively documented as a contributor to health problems in humans and marine animal ecosystems. It has a huge impact on our lives, and if we do our part by not throwing trash or chemicals into our water supplies and drains, we can contribute to the improvement of aquatic life and of our health in general.Effects of water pollution.
You will notice in the previous pages that water pollution is very harmful to humans, animals and water life. The effects can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the pollutants and where there are polluted.
Water pollution has been documented as a contributor to a wide range of health problems in humans. It has also been shown to have drastic negative impacts on .
Pollution from dispersed sources is difficult to control, and, despite much progress in the building of modern sewage-treatment plants, dispersed sources continue to cause a .
Drinking water can be a source of exposure to chemicals caused by nutrient pollution.
Drinking, accidentally swallowing or swimming in water affected by a harmful algal bloom can cause serious health problems including.
Water Pollution Facts, Causes, Effects & Solutions. September 7, Water Pollution Written by Greentumble Editorial Team. Long, long ago our planet was just a rock, Cause of Water Pollution: Effects: Sewage and Wastewater *Untreated sewage water is problematic in developing countries with insufficient sanitation.
Causes and Effects of Water Pollution Water covers 70% of the Earth’s surface and makes up over 60% of the human body. Water pollution affects marine ecosystems, wildlife health, and human well-being.