See Article History Alternative Titles: Early years and training Donato Bramante was born of a family of well-to-do farmers. He probably served as an assistant to Piero della Francesca in Urbino, which, under the nobleman Federico da Montefeltro diedhad become a humanist centre of considerable importance. In Bramante was working in Bergamo as a painter of illusionistic murals of architecture.
The only architect of the High Renaissance with the exception of Raphael respected by his peers and successors as the equal of the ancients, it was he, above all, who revealed the power, emotional possibilities, and gravity of Antique Roman architecture.
Born near Urbino, he trained as a painter, and perhaps knew Piero della Francesca c.
Donato Bramante (): Biography of High Renaissance Architect, Designer for St Peters Basilica. or (–). The only architect of the High Renaissance (with the exception of Raphael) respected by his peers and successors as the equal of the ancients, it was he, above all, who revealed the power, emotional possibilities, and gravity of . Donato Bramante ( – 11 April ), born as Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio and also known as Bramante Lazzari, was an Italian nationwidesecretarial.com introduced Renaissance architecture to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his plan for St. Peter's Basilica formed the basis of design executed by nationwidesecretarial.com Tempietto .
Around he entered the service of Ludovico Sforza — in Milan, where he turned his attention to architecture, and met Leonardo da Vinci, who was to alert him to the problems of designing centralized churches.
He also planned, with Leonardo, a centralized arrangement at Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan swhich has a drum with dome on pendentives rising over it.
The Pace cloisters have piers with Ionic pilasters and arcades based on the Colosseum carrying a continuous entablature with an inscription on the frieze, while above is an open colonnaded gallery with the columns set between piers and situated on the centre-line of each arch.
Then —10 came the astonishing Tempietto in the chiostro cloister of San Pietro in Montorio, a drum surmounted by a dome and surrounded by a peristyle of Tuscan columns carrying a Roman Doric entablature: Tuscan Doric was used because of its association with the strong masculine character of St Peter, on the supposed site of whose Martyrdom the Tempietto was erected.
Indeed Serlio credited Bramante with adapting the Doric temple for Christian purposes, for Vitruvius, no less, had recommended Doric as appropriate for heroic, masculine deities. Circular plans were based upon Antique temples, but they also have important precedents in the martyria of Early Christian churches: One range of buildings with three superimposed arcades was subsequently incorporated within the Cortile di San Damaso, and then came the vast Cortile del Belvedere of which only the spiral ramp c.
However, the greatest work was the rebuilding of the Church of San Pietro.
The huge Church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople had fallen to Islam in the mid-C15, and it became politically and symbolically important to replace the Constantinian basilica which was really a martyrium over the tomb of the Apostle with a great centrally planned church.
Bramante proposed a mighty Greek cross with each arm terminating in an apse in the corners of which would be four smaller Greek crosses each covered by a minor domethe centre covered by a dome to rival that of the Roman Pantheon, but carried on a huge colonnaded drum.
The building was only partially begun when he and the Pope died, but the great piers of the crossing and the arches carry the dome of the present building.Bramante's Spiral Staircase: Recent Restorations of the Vatican Museums, Vol.
2 [A. Graziano, F. Mancinelli, F. Rossi] on nationwidesecretarial.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A detailed study on the restored staircase in the Vatican Belvedere Palace built in .
Analysis of Raphael's Life and Paintings.
Raphael was born in Urbino on 6 April , the son of Giovanni Santi, one of the most esteemed painters and thinkers at the court of Urbino. Donato Bramante, Tempietto, c. , San Pietro in Montorio, Rome. or (–). The only architect of the High Renaissance (with the exception of Raphael) respected by his peers and successors as the equal of the ancients, it was he, above all, who revealed the power, emotional possibilities, and gravity of .
Donato Bramante biography - Donato Bramante, the architect who introduced High Renaissance architecture style, was born in in .
Early years and training. Donato Bramante was born of a family of well-to-do farmers. In his childhood, says the 16th-century biographer and artist Giorgio Vasari, “besides reading and writing, he practiced much at the abacus.”His father probably directed him toward painting.